Our priority has been to build healthy soil by nourishing the living component of the soil, the microbial inhabitants that
release, transform, and transfer nutrients.
Using worms to convert an organic farm and organic garden waste not only takes far less time than hot composting the
material but the vermicompost is far superior to conventional compost. The worm castings in the vermicompost have
nutrients that are 97% utilizable by plants and the castings have a mucous coating which allows the nutrients to "time
Using the rich 100% organic vermicompost, gives crops the best fertilizer on the planet. Here are just a few references
about the value of vermicastings:Analysis of earthworm casting reveals that they are richer in plant nutrients than the soil,
about three times more calcium and several times more nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. (K.P. Barley, Advances in
Agronomy, Vol. 13, 1961, p. 251)
Redworm castings contain a high percentage of humus. Humus helps soil particles form into clusters, which create
channels for the passage of air and improve its capacity to hold water. Humic acid present in humus provides binding sites
for the plant nutrients but also releases them to the plants upon demand. Humus is believed to aid in the prevention of
harmful plant pathogens, fungi, nematodes and bacteria. Blueprint for a Successful Vermiculture Compost System. Developed
by Dan Holcombe and J.J. Longfellow 1995.
"Vermicompost outperforms any commercial fertilizer I know of." continues [Professor. Clive A.] Edwards, who began his
earthworm research in his native England in the early 1970s before coming to Ohio State. "I think the key factor is
microbial activity. Research that I and others have done shows that microbial activity in worm castings is 10 to 20 times
higher than in the soil and organic matter that the worm ingests." Dr. Clive Edwards, in "Worldwide Progress in
Vermicomposting" by Gene Logsdon in BioCycle October 1994, p. 63
One can't use too much vermicompost or castings on plants. We use as much as we can.
|We started with just 2 beds and a
handful of the Eisenia Foetidia worms.
|Now we have about 40 beds and
rotate the placements so that
different areas of the farm can
|The red earthworms which stay confined
to the cow manure are different from the
local brown variety which dig into the
|Vermiwash is collected
by allowing water to
drip through pots of
liquid thus collected is
diluted with water and
used to treat seeds
before sowing as well
as sprayed as a plant
nutrient on crops. The
force of the spray
shakes off the pests
|The soil quality is undergoing a
transformation as earthworm eggs
in the distributed vermicompost
start hatching and the worm
population rapidly multiplies
Cosmic Rhythms :
Biodynamic agriculture is the oldest consciously organic approach to farming and
gardening and is one of the most sustainable in existence.
It is founded on a holistic and spiritual understanding of nature and the human
being and builds on the pioneering research work of Rudolf Steiner.It is a science
of life-forces, a recognition of the basic principles at work in nature, and an
approach to agriculture which takes these principles into account to bring about
balance and healing. The light of the sun, moon, planets and stars reaches the
plants in regular rhythms. Each contributes to the life, growth and form of the
plant. By understanding the gesture and effect of each rhythm, we can time our
ground preparation, sowing, cultivating and harvesting to the advantage of the
crops we are raising.
Biodynamics recognizes that soil itself can be alive, and this vitality supports and
affects the quality and health of the plants that grow in it. Therefore, one of
Biodynamics fundamental efforts is to build up stable humus in our soil through
Rudolf Steiner pointed out that a new science of cosmic influences would have to
replace old, instinctive wisdom and superstition. Out of his own insight, he
introduced what are known as biodynamic preparations.
The preparations are made from six well known medicinal plants - yarrow,
chamomile, stinging nettle, oak, dandelion and valerian.
Their specific properties are enhanced and made effective for soil life during the
course of a unique fermentation process in the soil.
To make them effective some of the herbs require a sheath made of certain
animal organ materials. These serve as catalysts for bringing about the required
process.When ready these humus-like substances are added to the composting
material in minute amounts where they radiate their effects throughout the heap.
These preparations help to guide and regulate the decomposing and humus
forming processes in the soil and make plant nutrient substances (sulphur,
potash, nitrogen, calcium, silica, phosphorous) available in precisely the form
needed for healthy plant growth.
|The BD bed is made on a raised
platform to allow air to pass through
|Specific layers alternating green leaves,
dry leaves, lime, earth and slurry made
of cow dung are added and BD
preparations in recommended doses are
placed inside the bed.
|Finally, the bed is sealed with clay and
allowed to compost for 4 to 5 months
|Opening the beds to check for condition
Indigenous Herbal composts:
In several pits spread out around the farm,
organic matter is collected as and when trees
are pruned, crop residues and fresh farm-yard
manure are added and it is kept moist and
allowed to compost the help of EM (Effective
Micronutrients) which facilitate the composting
Another combination has pest-repellent local
plant material (neem, dhatura, aankh) along with
manure and water.
The Herbal Spray we make on the farm is an effective pesticide.It
contains water, cow urine (which is a potent source of urea), Aankh
leaves, Neem leaves, crushed garlic, Dhatura (leaves or fruit), and
a local wild fruit called ‘Gad-umba’. The concoction is allowed to
ferment until it starts frothing. It is then strained and diluted with
water for use as a spray.A simple combination of cow-urine and
water spray (1:1) is a good fertilizer as well.
Spraying the herbal liquid on wheat
|Weeding is essentially mechanical or manual. Bullock ploughs are
now used for fields where the crop is at a specific distance.
The farm has a high water
table and most of the irrigation
is done through sprinklers or
water channels. Recent inputs
are drip irrigation and the
The underground water is
pumped up through motors.
|Mulching is a constant process &
vermicompost is added to the mulch that is
spread around the fruit trees.
|Sticky Pheromone traps & light bulbs are
effective for catching most moths.
|We broadcast boiled rice in the fields in the
early hours of the morning, which invites birds
to come and feed. While feeding on the rice,
they spot the bugs and feed on them too.
|We have introduced bees to enhance cross pollination. After enduring months of bee stings, we were rewarded with a bounty of
honey. In order to provide enough for the bees we had to change our cropping pattern to have sufficient flowers for the bees all year
At Satya-Jyoti, we sell
honeycomb and raw honey in
season and 80 micron, low
heat filtered honey and cream
honey year round.
Creamed honey is 100% pure
honey - there is nothing extra
added. The "creaming"
process relies on, and
enhances, honey's natural
tendency to crystallize.
Utilizing this feature creates a
product with a very small
crystal size (less than 25
microns - 0.025mm), so small
that the product appears
smooth and silky. The
interlocking nature of these
crystals gives the product its
smooth, thick, spread able
Sometimes when you buy
creamed honey, it is too hard
to use easily. This is because
most of the crystallizing has
happened after the jar was
filled and it has "set:" hard.
If you microwave the jar
(around 30 seconds on high
for 500 grams) it will soften -
and it stays soft!
|We have our own nursery and
greenhouse for all vegetables,
flowers and trees that we have
on the farm.
Our cattle are an intrinsic part of
the farm and once again,milk is
just the by-product and not the sole
reason for their presence.Apart
from the manure which is used
extensively for the vermiculture,
the urine is collected to help
make the herbal spray for pest
control.Bullocks are now used for
VERMICOMPOST & VERMIWASH
A caterpillar infested cauliflower crop is not destroyed but
the bugs are allowed to multiply, then plucked off the
plants and then bug juice is made to be sprayed
What is organic farming?
Organic refers to agricultural
production systems used to
produce food and fiber. All
kinds of agricultural products
are produced organically,
including produce, grains,
meat, dairy, eggs, fibers such
as cotton, flowers, and
processed food products.
Organic farming management
relies on developing biological
diversity in the field to disrupt
habitat for pest organisms,
and the purposeful
replenishment of soil fertility.
Organic farmers are not
allowed to use synthetic
pesticides or fertilizers. Some
of the essential
characteristics of organic
systems include: design and
implementation of an "organic
system plan" that describes
the practices used in
producing crops and livestock
products; a detailed record
keeping system that tracks all
products from the field to
point of sale; and
maintenance of buffer zones
to prevent inadvertent
contamination from adjacent
our farming methods